Monday, March 05, 2012

Yttrium aluminium garnet (YAG)

Yttrium aluminium garnet (YAGY3Al5O12) is a synthetic crystalline material of the garnetgroup. It is also one of three phases of the yttria-aluminium composite, the other two being yttrium aluminium monoclinic (YAM) and yttrium aluminium perovskite (YAP). YAG is commonly used as a host material in various solid-state lasers. Rare earth elements such as neodymiumand erbium can be doped into YAG as active laser ions, yielding Nd:YAG and Er:YAG lasers, respectively. Cerium-doped YAG (YAG:Ce) is used as a phosphor in cathode ray tubes and white light-emitting diodes, and as a scintillator.

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